The family pet is regarded as a member of the family, and these animals are capable of spreading diseases to humans, just like a little sibling during his first week of kindergarten. Bacteria, viruses, protozoans, and fungus are among the germs and parasites found in pets. Fleas, ticks, and mites, which may infect humans and transmit disease, can be carried by pets.
Pregnant women, newborns, children under the age of five, and those with weakened immune systems are the most vulnerable to illnesses spread by pets. The most efficient approach to prevent pet-related sickness is to thoroughly wash your hands after handling pets or pet feces, avoid being scratched or bitten by pets, and make sure your pet is vaccinated and receives routine veterinarian treatment. The following are some of the most frequent diseases you can get from your pet:
- Hookworm: Poop from an infected pet (usually a puppy or kitten) lays eggs in the ground, which develop into larvae. If you walk barefoot on them, for example, they enter your body via your skin. Hookworm is typically not a serious parasite. It should go away on its own, although you may have itching and red lines on your feet or lower legs for a few weeks. If you observe any of these symptoms, or if you have stomach discomfort or diarrhea, contact your doctor.
2. Ringworm: Ringworm is a fungus-caused skin condition that can be spread by pets. This fungus creates a circular rash on the skin and is spread by touch with infected animals’ skin and fur, as well as contact with contaminated surfaces. Because ringworm is easily transmitted, children and people with weakened immune systems should avoid contact with infected dogs. When touching or playing with diseased pets, pet owners should wear gloves and long sleeves. Additionally, pet owners should wash their hands thoroughly and clean and disinfect locations where the pet has spent time. Ringworm in animals should be treated by a veterinarian. People’s ringworm is typically treated with over-the-counter medicines, although certain infections require prescription antifungal therapy.
3. Rabies: When infected animals bite you, they spread the virus through their spit. A raccoon, fox, skunk, coyote, or a pet that hasn’t had its immunizations might be the culprit. At first, you may feel nauseous and feverish. You may get anxious, disoriented, and unable to sleep later. To help guard against the virus, wash any bite with soap and water. Make an appointment with your doctor as soon as possible. If you don’t obtain the appropriate treatment, rabies will kill you in a matter of days.
4. Cat Scratch Disease (CSD): Your cat can infect you with this bacterial infection by scratching, biting, or licking an open wound. With elevated, pus-filled sores, the region may become painful and swollen. There’s a chance you’ll get a temperature and a headache. It typically goes away on its own, although antibiotics may be required. Trim your cat’s nails and don’t play hard with him to avoid scratches. The bacterium that causes CSD can be prevented using flea treatments. Soap and water should be used to clean any bites or scrapes.
5. Lyme Disease: Cats and dogs cannot directly transmit the bacterium, although they may carry infected deer ticks. Ticks will not be kept away by pills, topical medicines, or collars, but they will be killed if they come into touch with them. It’s not always clear if you’ve been infected with Lyme disease, which is spread by deer ticks. One symptom is a round-shaped rash, but not everyone gets it. You may also have dizziness, headaches, and joint discomfort. If you discover Lyme disease early on, you should be able to recover completely with the appropriate medications.
6. Toxoplasmosis: Cats with this parasite pass it on through their feces. So clean the litterbox frequently and thoroughly thereafter. You can get infected and not get ill if you’re healthy. However, if you’re pregnant or have a weak immune system, it might be problematic. Muscle pains, fever, and red, hazy eyes are some of the symptoms. The majority of individuals improve without therapy, however in severe situations, your doctor may prescribe medication.
7. Psittacosis: The bacterium can be found in the pee, feces, or spit of infected pet birds like cockatiels and parrots, as well as agricultural animals like chickens and turkeys. When it dries, it creates microscopic dust particles that might infect you if inhaled. It’s also possible to contract it if you’re bitten by a bird. Fever, chills, headache, and a dry cough are all possible symptoms, which can develop to a severe lung infection. Antibiotics will be prescribed by your doctor to destroy the germs.