5 types of music education: what to choose for a child

The ability to play a musical instrument is a unique experience that every parent can give to their child. But where do you start? And why try?

Many early development studios are aimed at developing the creative potential of the child. And why disclose it? The fact is that this is a great contribution to the future of a son or daughter. A creative person thinks more flexibly, sees more beauty and opportunities in life, is able to make non-standard decisions. And it does not matter who he is in the mindset – a humanitarian or a technician. You can develop creativity at any age. But it is better to start in childhood. And one of the “platforms” for the development of abilities can be music education.

Probably, many adults sometimes wonder whether to send a child to a music school … But no action is taken, because they are frightened by the thought of a huge workload of students, large homework, excessively demanding teachers and long 7-8 years of study in addition to secondary school.

Why does the question of choosing the method of music education still often baffle the generation of young parents? How to instill in your child love and a keen interest in playing a musical instrument? How to make the right choice, preserving the nerves, finances, and peace of mind of all other family members? All these questions will help to answer the review of options for music education.

Once Upon a Time in America

Interestingly, in the United States, music and playing the instrument are included in the compulsory program of secondary school. And every American after school not only knows how to play the chosen instrument, and often without notes at all, according to the alphanumeric recording of chords. Music and play are just a part of life, a way to relieve stress and socialize: amateur “garage” ensembles, performances in local clubs, churches, and on any suitable stages – people get used to it from school. And it’s no secret that Americans are a nation of entrepreneurs and innovative businesses. Is it because they don’t neglect music education?


Let’s try to understand the typical difficulties that prevent parents from giving their children a musical education.

  1. Lack of information. Adults have to choose between the possibilities of public (it’s free) or private (for money) music schools, or the services of a tutor (also a rather complicated story). However, many are unaware of the existence of musical circles at the houses of culture. And among them you can choose both paid and free.
  2. Difficulties of alignment. Now music and playing the instrument children have to learn in addition to the main mandatory load in secondary school. This creates certain difficulties for children and their parents, who are forced to build time into their diaries for additional classes.
  3. The need to do your homework. It’s no secret that at home you need to devote special time to the musical activities of the child. There is nothing wrong with this, but some are confused by the fact itself, others that you will have to control it somehow, and still others that a small musician will not be good enough to “try” or not have time to do homework. We are literally afraid of being between two fires. But it is still important to think about why the assessment or imaginary reaction of the teacher is often more important to us than our own desires and goals.

What to strive for?

If all these restrictions do not scare you, you can proceed to the choice of the type of music education. And here it is important to answer the main questions:

  • What exactly do you want from music education in terms of skills, abilities, opportunities and emotions?
  • What do you plan to do with the received luggage later?
  • Who will take the child to classes and help if necessary?
  • Does he want to learn to play a musical instrument himself? If so, what drives it? If not, is it worth starting?

Understanding is our first step to choosing a way to teach music because in a comprehensive school we tend to be deprived of it. Here, the quality, the results of classes, and, of course, emotions depend on understanding your goals and your choice. And you can and should study with pleasure!music education for children what to choose© Jonathan Mark Ogden/Getty Images/Cultura RF music education for kids what to choose

So, what to choose?

№1. State Music School


  • it’s free;
  • there is a system – the school works in accordance with the Federal State Requirements (FGT) – they are worth reading to all parents, it is not long;
  • there are clear terms of training.


  • evaluative thinking of teachers and their strict requirements;

How often do we see disapproving nods at our child? Especially when we take him to school. And he thinks so! And he writes with the wrong hand. And, most likely, “not prepared”. In the case of a music school, a similar picture: here our child will be especially targeted at the hands, feet, ears, and mouth (the latter for wind instruments) – suddenly some are not like this? At some point, he himself begins to feel “wrong and not so”… But is that why we want to learn music?

  • the system has its own tasks, and it guarantees a certain result: ideally – admission to a music college or university, but, as practice shows, only 2-5% of students enter;
  • lack of a flexible and individual approach to your child. The terms of training and developmental, and professional are fixed – 5 and 7 years, respectively. But how do you know what’s right for you and your child? Or what to do if you want to change the tool? And I categorically do not want to spend a lot of time on related subjects such as singing in the choir, having the opportunity, for example, to develop the skill of polyphonic hearing by other methods in parallel with playing the instrument.

music education for children what to choose© Sebastian Condrea/Getty Images/Moment RF music education for children what to choose

№2. Private Music School


  • a more flexible approach and the ability to find a common language with the leadership and teacher;
  • there is no rigid system, it is easier to change both the teacher and the tool;
  • flexible adjustment system for your schedule;
  • you definitely will not be “scolded” for academic failure.


  • teaching methods are often unclear;
  • the qualifications of teachers may not be known;
  • large turnover of personnel: in a private school, the teacher does not stay longer than two years, on average he works only a year;
  • values and a global approach to learning are unclear: unfortunately, making money often becomes the main goal;
  • often the focus is on the process, not on the result – hence the desire to “plant” the child and parent on many years of training, although not without pleasantness for both parties.

music education for children what to choose© Miguel Sotomayor/Getty Images/Moment RF music education for kids what to choose

№3. Musical circles at houses of culture


  • flexible training system. It all depends on the teacher, including the methodology. Wanted – abandoned, wanted – changed;
  • it is easier to explain your tasks and ask to follow them, and not invented by someone “program” (for example, we want to play popular works at home or school holidays). In individual lessons, you can learn and play only what you really like;
  • usually a good team of like-minded people who love music – both parents and children. Here you can exchange experience and even make friends. In public and private “musicals” this is a rarity – there is rather competition at endless reporting concerts and isolation within the framework of classes with one teacher.


  • the final result is incomprehensible – you will have to constantly monitor short-term results in order to understand what the child is learning and what he can do,
  • categorically not suitable for pre-professional training in a music college or university, starting with the “number of hours”.

№4. Private tutors


  • a strong effort to like and “adjust” to the parent and the child – their payment depends on it.


  • as a rule, these are students of music universities, working part-time as tutors. So, they have neither experience nor methodology;

You will have to strictly demand a training plan with intermediate results. Clearly set the task. Discuss ways to achieve. Together track what the child likes and what does not.

  • the constant involvement of the parent in the educational process and close interaction with the teacher is a necessity. In this case, it is categorically impossible to let the process take its course – at best, you will throw money for “training” for a newly minted teacher.

№5. Homeschooling

The disadvantages of the previous methods can be avoided if you organize home music training. This will suit you if you and your child are not focused on the Tchaikovsky competition, but just want to understand music, be able to play, and enjoy it all your life as a creative hobby.


  • parents who play the instrument themselves, understand and love music and play – the best example and unobtrusive involvement;
  • there are methods of self-learning from video lessons, allowing you to learn perfectly in 10-12 lessons to play any instrument, as well as notes, solfeggio and everything you need;
  • no need to spend time on travel and organization of the schedule, report to teachers and fulfill their requirements.

Remember that creative habits and skills, fixed in a comfortable and pleasant environment, allow us to improve the quality of life and at the same time get pleasure and inspiration from it. Isn’t that what parents want for their children?

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