7 signs that you dressed your baby for a walk incorrectly

Maybe he’s cold? Or maybe it’s hot? When, on the one hand, the grandmother grumbles that the crumb will certainly freeze, and on the other, the eminent pediatrician says that it is not necessary to wrap up on the child, it can be difficult to navigate.

In fact, the child himself will tell you whether he is comfortable or not. And it is not necessary that he already knew how to speak. There are also non-verbal signals that are very easy to read – the main thing is to know what to look for.

A proper understanding of how to dress a baby for a walk is especially important in the cold. Unfortunately, many parents sin by dressing their babies too warmly. But overheating leads to a decrease in the immunity of the baby. In the season of colds and epidemics, the risk of getting sick increases to a greater extent from excessive heat than from hypothermia.

Why can overheating be more dangerous than hypothermia? It’s all about the features of the thermoregulation of the child’s body. When the baby overheats, he can not help himself, undress himself or say “mom, I’m hot.” And in the cold, the child’s body itself includes a protective function: in order to preserve the heat of vital organs, the vessels narrow, the legs and handles become cool.

How to understand that you dressed the baby incorrectly?

The main marker that the baby is uncomfortable is anxiety and crying. Especially when usually a child in the fresh air sleeps like an angel. If the baby is dodding, capricious, crying, this can be both a sign of overheating and hypothermia. Sometimes the child is so uncomfortable that he waves his hands, arches as if he wants to get out of the stroller, refuses to sleep, and whines all the time.

To find out whether the baby is cold or hot, watch for the appearance of alarm signals. So you can understand when you need to urgently run home to change clothes – or just remove the excess from the crumbs.

4 signs that the baby is cold

  1. Many mothers touch the handles and legs of the child to understand whether the baby is cold. But there is an important clarification: you need to check not the hands and feet, but the forearms and shins. Gently warm (!) hand touch the forearms of the baby and, if possible, the shins. If the legs and handles in these places are cold – the baby is frozen. The hand and feet are not an indicator, because even with a slight change in temperature, they react by narrowing the vessels to retain heat in the body. With hypothermia, other parts of the body will be cold – chest, abdomen, back. Touching these places on the street is problematic. At the same time, coming home and finding the body parts cold, you will definitely understand that the baby was not dressed for the weather.
  2. If the child’s nose, cheeks and chin turn red, this indicates at least that it is necessary to protect the baby’s face. These are all signs of the initial degree of hypothermia.
  3. A more alarming signal is the pallor of the skin, which manifests itself after redness. The baby’s cheeks and nose had just been punctured, and suddenly turned pale? Lips turned pale or bluish in color? This means that the child is very cold. Paleness may also appear in the area of the ears, cheeks, chin, fingers of the hands or feet. When these parts of the body become not only pale or yellowish, but also hard to the touch, then in this case we can already talk about frostbite.
  4. You should definitely be wary if, following a tantrum, the baby suddenly became sluggish and suddenly fell asleep. The child’s movements have become atypically weak, the behavior is apathetic. Especially dangerous is the appearance of such a sign as a deaf cry – the voice has become osipshim, the baby seems to have weakened. When these symptoms appear, you need to urgently run home and consult a doctor.

“After prolonged exposure to cold on the skin of the child in places of accumulation of adipose tissue (often on the cheeks) may appear dense subcutaneous formations. This condition is called cold panniculitis and is due to the fact that the adipose tissue of children contains a greater amount of saturated fat, which is more prone to hardening at low temperatures. Treatment is usually not required, as it goes away on its own within a few weeks without consequences.”

What should I do if my child is frozen?

  • Urgently return home, in the warmth;
  • Remove all clothes from the baby, wrap him in blankets or dress in dry warm clothes;
  • Offer a warm drink;
  • Massage the body with light movements (from the periphery to the center), but do not rub;
  • Make a warm foot bath (up to 40 degrees) or completely bathe the baby in warm water (up to 37 degrees);
  • Apply warm compresses.

How to prevent hypothermia?

The logical answer is to choose the right clothes for the child. The most important rule is that clothes should not constrain the baby. Between the layers of clothing must be an air layer, which helps to keep warm. Remember: more layers of thin clothing are better than one thick sweater.

In the cold season, focus on three layers:

  • underwear: slip, cotton overalls, or linen linen with wool, or thermal underwear;
  • warming: overalls or suit made of fleece or wool;
  • top: overalls with insulation density of at least 250 g.

Do not wear mittens that are too tight. No matter how warm they are, the baby’s hands will freeze very quickly if they are clamped. If you are going for a long walk, and it is cold outside, then be sure to put an insulated envelope in the stroller. If the thermometer drops below -20 degrees, it is better not to go outside.

3 signs that the baby is hot

  1. If during the walk you notice evaporation or droplets of sweat above the upper lip or near the eyes, obviously, the crumb overheated. Wet handles and legs on the folds, back or crown after a walk can also be signals of overheating. You can check whether the baby is hot right during the walk: touch the back of the neck or the back of the head with a warm dry hand. If these places are wet, the baby overheated. Do not evaluate overheating by wet handles in the area of the brushes: perhaps you just put on too warm mittens. If after a walk the bottom clothes of the baby can be squeezed, then there is no comment: you overdid it with the amount of clothes.
  2. Rapid breathing, thirst are also obvious signs of overheating. But the difficulty is that the thirst to determine the baby is not so easy. That is why overheating is dangerous: you may not notice it in time. When thirsty, the child can open his mouth. If you take a bottle with you, offer to drink, and see if the child will drink greedily, or refuse.
  3. When the baby’s skin on his face became hot, it is possible that he has already had a fever. Due to undeveloped thermoregulation, the baby’s body overheats very quickly and reacts with an increase in temperature. Doctors of one of the children’s clinics told such a case: the doctor came on call to a month-old baby with a temperature of 40. The situation looked like this: a warmly dressed baby is covered with a thick blanket, next to the crib there is a heater on. When the baby was unwrapped and cooled, his body temperature returned to normal.

“Overheating is dangerous because the body temperature can rise to 40 degrees. And in children it happens 3-5 times faster than in adults. The body in an attempt to reset excess heat reflexively expands the vessels of the peripheral circulatory system. Because of this, blood pressure drops sharply. The heart tries to compensate for this process, which is why tachycardia begins – the pulse goes off scale to 100 beats per minute, “explains infectious disease doctor Anna Noskova.

How to help a child with overheating?

  • put the baby on a horizontal surface;
  • take off all clothing, including diaper;
  • cover the forehead with a damp cool diaper;
  • constantly offer to drink;
  • wrap the child in a wet towel;
  • wipe with a hand soaked in cool water.

How to prevent overheating?

Going outside, first dress yourself, then dress the child. When the baby is fully dressed, try to go outside as quickly as possible. Do not walk with the baby in a tightly closed stroller. Remember a simple rule: put on the child one layer more than we put on yourself. No need to wrap the baby in a hundred clothes.

Do not cover your nose and mouth with a scarf – the child should breathe freely. When the child breathes in a scarf, the air is humid, the risk of catching a cold increase. You can not wrap the neck and head of the child too warmly. From excess heat, arteries and veins dilate, it is a dangerous outflow of blood from other parts of the body. Therefore, children who wear warm scarves are more likely to suffer from sore throats and the flu.

In the cold season, it is enough to wear a cotton bonnet, a demi-season hat, and a hood on your head. If the hat has a fleece lining, you can do without a hood. This is enough even in the cold. Scarf – by necessity, but not tight turnover around the neck. Avoid hats that are too thick and tight.

Is the kid already walking? Choose clothes, depending on the activity of the crumbs. If the child has just begun to walk, in winter a membrane jumpsuit with insulation of 250-300 g is suitable, under which you need to wear a thin undersized and warming fleece layer. When the child moves a lot, runs, then membrane overalls with a small amount of insulation (180-240 g) dressed on fleece is enough.

When do I need to see a doctor?

If you notice one of these signs, seek emergency care immediately:

  • apathy and drowsiness after severe anxiety;
  • bright red and cold to the touch skin;
  • pale or bluish skin after redness;
  • sluggish or mild crying;
  • body temperature below 35.9 degrees;
  • body temperature above 37.5 degrees;
  • rapid breathing, regurgitation, vomiting.

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