Most adults believe those baby teeth are not for long. When they fall out, they will be replaced by permanent ones – white, smooth and healthy. If only it were that simple…
Baby teeth begin to form at the 5-7th week of pregnancy. In the diet of the expectant mother, there should always be foods rich in calcium – an element that is very important for laying healthy teeth in the baby. Sources of calcium – dairy products, broccoli. The risk of forming weak teeth is in babies whose mothers during pregnancy suffered from toxicosis or viral diseases.
The formation of the bite begins. All children are born with a distal bite: the lower jaw of a newborn is not as developed as the upper one. Over time, the gap between the jaws should disappear. To get a portion of milk from the breast, the baby puts more effort than the child who is fed from a bottle. That is why usually in artificial children, the lower jaw lags behind in development. So breastfeeding lays the foundation for proper malocclusion.
From 6 months
Teeth begin to erupt. It is important to understand that the schemes and the timing of their appearance are only approximate guidelines. A little earlier or a little later, white beauties will cut through – not so important. But if by the age of 1.5 there are no teeth yet, you should consult a pediatrician and undergo an examination.
Ideally, it is necessary to appear to the pediatric dentist for the first time when the baby has 4-8 teeth. The doctor will assess how strong they are, weigh the risks of developing caries and give recommendations on anti-carious nutrition. It is useful to give the baby salt an apple or carrot: they train the chewing machine. Be careful with milk and foods rich in carbohydrates: the film formed after their use remains on the gums and teeth, becoming a breeding ground for bacteria.
A little relief
When teething, some children have severely swollen gums. Something solid will come to the rescue, about which you can scratch them, for example, a special teether with pimples and gel inside. Put it in the fridge for 15 minutes and then give it to the baby.
As soon as the first tooth erupts, start brushing your teeth. Immediately buy a toothbrush with soft bristles and children’s toothpaste. There are silicone fingertips, but they can hardly become an alternative to a brush since they do not clean the teeth and do not clean the plaque. It is necessary to change the brush every three months. Brush your teeth twice a day with paste. First, it should be a minimum amount, literally a smear. The fact that the child twice a day will swallow toothpaste (even fluoride-containing) in an amount equal to the size of a small pea, there is absolutely nothing terrible.
Brushing your teeth is not a pleasure for all children. Try to turn an annoying ritual into an exciting game. An adult can brush his teeth, but you can take the initiative to transfer to the child, carefully directing his pen with the brush in the right direction. Also, the baby will be interested if you explain to him that in the mouth, as in the apartment, it is constantly necessary to restore order. During the procedure, offer to look at the teeth in the mirror to find out where the garbage is.
Each group of teeth should be brushed differently. Front – movements from top to bottom in the direction of the gums. Teeth behind the cheeks on the outside – circular movements with a closed jaw, and with the inner – movements from the bottom up. The chewing surface is processed by driving the brush back and forth. For each part of the teeth that coincides with the cleaning surface of the brush, 5-6 movements are usually enough.© Elena Gurova / iStock / Getty Images baby teeth how to care
The consistency of the food that you offer the baby is very important. He should chew a lot, and with effort. Therefore, meat, fruits, vegetables should be present in the diet.
In the first year of life, children are most often concerned about inflammation of the oral mucosa – stomatitis. Most often in infants, it is caused by herpes viruses or fungi of the genus Candida. The herpes virus is manifested by periodic rashes on the lips, which are popularly called fever. It happens that the first meeting with the virus if it happens up to a year, proceeds very violently: with a high (up to 39 ° C) temperature, loss of appetite (it hurts the baby to eat), the appearance of bubbles on the oral mucosa, which are replaced by round inflamed sores with a white coating and a red rim. A baby can become infected by any person who has a fever at this moment. The attack is treated with antiherpetic drugs.
Candida fungi normally live in small quantities on the skin, in the intestines, in the vagina. Most often, the child receives them from his mother during childbirth and when in skin-to-skin contact. Candidiasis manifests itself in the first months of life. If fungi settle on the mucous membrane of the mouth, inflammation begins: on the tongue, soft and hard palate, mucous membrane of the cheeks and gums, white specks resembling semolina become noticeable. The reason to look into the baby’s mouth will be anxiety and crying during feeding. Consult a pediatrician, because the choice of drug depends on the type of infection.
They talk about caries when, with the participation of microbes, hard tissues of the teeth are destroyed and cavities are formed in the – holes. In 2-3 years, caries of milk teeth are formed, but sometimes infants develop “bottle” caries. The disease may not bother the child for a long time, but depending on the stage, it can declare itself with pain after eating sweet, sour, cold, or hot. If you do not take action in time, pulpitis may develop. This is an inflammation of the soft tissues of the tooth (pulp). Be careful: the process can go beyond the tooth. This is how periodontitis begins. The gums turn red and swell. Sometimes it is necessary to remove the affected milk tooth since the rudiment of a permanent one located next to the roots of the diseased tooth is in danger. Mild periodontitis does not make itself felt. Only a dentist can detect it.
It is important to teach the child to rinse his mouth or drink water after each feeding as early as possible, give him only water at night, brush his teeth and gums in the morning and evening.
© Getty Images/Westend61 baby teeth how to care
At 3 years old, the dentist evaluates the milk bite. If one of the teeth is removed due to the fact that it is inflamed, the doctor will put an orthodontic spacer in its place. This measure will help prevent the displacement of adjacent teeth and save room for a permanent tooth. Incorrect formation or location of the jaws at the age of 4-6 years can be corrected with the help of special devices – trainers. Silicone removable “simulators” are similar to boxing caps. They are worn to the baby at night, during the day with interruptions they wear for several minutes. Wean the child from sucking a finger can the so-called Flaps Hinz. They are used from 1-1.5 years.
At the stage of milk bite, that is, up to 12-13 years, its shortcomings eliminate orthodontic plates. After 13 years, malocclusion is eliminated with the help of braces.